|Hero Cover: Theophile Hamel's Cartier 1844.|
In 1843, the remains of a ship believed to be Cartier's Petite Hermine from his second voyage (1535-36) were discovered by a hunter and examined by some Cartier enthusiasts. (Gordon, 67) When these relics were sent to Saint Malo, France, (Cartier's home town) for confirmation, the news was revealed that the town hall contained a portrait of the explorer, whose appearance was still a mystery in Lower Canada. The painting was the work of one Francois Riis, who claimed to have composed the portrait by memory from a sketch found in Paris' Bibliotheque Imperiale. In the 1840s this painting was copied several times and sent to Quebec City where Theophile Hamel painted the version which was lithographed and distributed widely, marking what Gordon sees and the beginnings of Cartiermania. Hamel's Cartier graces the cover of The Hero and the Historians.
|Theophile Hamel, Self Portrait, 1837.|
|Uncovering Cartier's Remains. DEA.|
In 1949, workers uncovered a skeleton under the Saint Malo cathedral, and examination of the corpse found traces of lime, which suggested that the corpse was Cartier's as he had (perhaps) died of the plague and adding lime was a common technique in the burial of affected bodies. One final method of identification served to confirm the corpses identity
...comparison of the skull with portraits based on
Theophile Hamel's specious lithographs!
|Copyright Happy Loving World Order|
For a recent controversy surrounding the identification of Caravaggio's remains see:
Caravaggio's Remains...We Think - New York Times
For the latest in the ongoing saga of identification of the Mona Lisa see:
Mona Modelled on the Masculine? - Globe and Mail
For an article on the search fo Cartier's Remains and source of the discovery picture above see:
KELLY, E.. Bones of Contention: Gustave Lanctot's Pursuit of Jacques Cartier's Remains. Archivaria, North America, 1, jan. 1985. Available at: http://journals.sfu.ca/archivar/index.php/archivaria/article/view/11180/12118. Date accessed: 04 Feb. 2011.